Below a passage from the letter of Babur Khan  to his son Humayun Khan, 20, and at that time in Kabul. It was written in Chagatay Turkish and in the Emperor’s own handwriting in Agra in India. The letter was delivered to Buyan Shah, the servant of Humayun Khan on Friday, the fourteenth of Rabi’i (27 November 1528)
The picture: Babur and Humayun with Courtiers (Detail), The Late Shahjehan Album, India, Mughal Period, ca. 1650.
Yana men degen dek bu hattlarini bitip sen ve okumai sen,
As I asked, you have written your letters, but you didn’t read them over,
ne üçün kim eger okur hayal kisan edi, okuy almas edin.
for if you had had a mind to read them, you would have found that you could not.
Okuy almagandin son elbette tagyir berür edin.
After reading them you certainly would have changed them.
Hattinni hud tesvis bile okusa boladur, veli [a]sru muglak tur.
Although your writing can be read with some difficulty, it is excessively obscure.
Nesr mu’amma heç kisi körgen emes.
Who has ever heard of prose designed to be an enigma?
Imlan yaman emes, egerçi hayli rast emes.
Your spelling is not bad, although it is not entirely correct either.
Iltifatini ta bile bitip sen. Kulinc’ni ya bile bitip sen.
You wrote iltifat with the ta; you wrote qulinjwith a ya.
Hattinni hud her tawr kilip okusa boladur,
Your handwriting can be made out somehow or other,
veli bu muglak elfazindin maksud tamam mefhum bolmaydur,
but with all these obscure words of yours the meaning is not entirely clear.
galiba hatt bitirde kahillikin hem osbu cihettindür. Tekellüf kilay dep sen. Os cihetten muglak boladur.
Probably your trouble in writing letters is due to the fact that you try to make it too fancy.
Mundin nari betekellüf u revvsen u pak elfaz bile biti.
From now on write with uncomplicated, clear, and plain words.
Hem sana tesvis azrak bolur ve hem okuguciga.
This will cause less difficulty both for you and for your reader.
 Wheeler M. Thackston, The Baburnama, Memoirs of Babur, Prince and Emperor, Oxford University Press, 1996, New York
 Zahirüddin Muhammed Babür Padisah Gazi (1483-1530), Born to Ferganah, Timurid, Emperor of India
This is the English translation of the Turkish original (in case of conflictive expression, the Turkish original will be considered as binding).
A valuation survey is a statement of opinion by a knowledgeable but disinterested party that a particular vessel is worth a particular amount at a particular place and a particular time under given conditions.
Clients may request a surveyor to carry out a valuation survey for pre-purchase purposes, for insurance or for finance when the client needs to verify the value to satisfy a third party (the insurance company or the bank), for his own curiosity or for legal reasons (dispute, estate administration, taxation etc.).
Strictly, a valuation is not a survey; it is rather a conjecture, an opinion. However, surveying the vessel is an important part of the valuation.
Condition of the boat, when compared to its peers, has an important contribution to the valuation. However, some condition aspects contribute less to the value of the boat and some more. Some, like the condition of an aging navigation system, can have at face value an uncertain contribution.
A history of damages may be revealed as a result of serious investigation and certainly will influence the valuation of the boat.
Even lore around a vessel may have to be considered.
However, external contributories like market conditions or taxes influence valuation significantly as well.
Looking at the question of value from our perspective, we endeavour to determine nothing more or less than the price a sound person is prepared to pay for a particular yacht under a given set of circumstances. The circumstances are the physical details of the yacht and other factors which influence an individual’s decision as to whether to buy the yacht in contemplation.
For us, with a range of tools and information at our disposal, we endeavour to support our valuation survey with a body of evidence that, if judged by a jury of peers, would withstand scrutiny.
This is the English translation of Turkish original. (In case of conflicting expression, the Turkish original will be considered as binding.)
“Surveyor/Consultant” is the Surveyor/Consultant trading under these conditions.
“Client” is the party at whose request the Surveyor/Consultant undertakes surveying services.
“Report” means any report or statement supplied by the Surveyor/Consultant in connection with instructions received from the Client.
“Disbursements” means the cost of all reasonable photography, reproduction of drawings, diagrams, sketches and printing, duplicating and, where applicable, electronic communication fees, and all reasonable and appropriate expenses including travel, subsistence and hotel accommodation where an overnight stay is necessary.
“Fees” means the fees charged by the Surveyor/Consultant to the Client and including any value added tax where applicable and any Disbursements.
The Surveyor/Consultant shall provide its services solely in accordance with these terms and conditions.
The Client will set out in writing the services which it requires the Surveyor/Consultant to provide. The Surveyor/Consultant will confirm in writing that it accepts those instructions or alternatively what services it will perform in connection with the Client’s instructions. Once the Surveyor/Consultant and the Client have agreed what services are to be performed (the Services) any subsequent changes or additions must be agreed by both parties in writing.
The Client shall pay the Surveyor/Consultant’s Fees punctually in accordance with these Conditions and in any event not later than 20 working days following the relevant invoice date, or in such other manner as may have been agreed in writing between the parties. Any delay in payment shall entitle the Surveyor/Consultant to interest at 7% above the Advance Rate of the Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Merkez Bankası (Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey) prevailing at the time of default.
5 Obligations and Responsibilities
(a) Client: The Client undertakes to ensure that full instructions are given to the Surveyor/Consultant and are provided in sufficient time to enable the required Services to be performed effectively and efficiently and to procure all necessary access for the Surveyor/Consultant to goods, premises, vessels, installations and transport and to ensure that all appropriate safety measures are taken to provide safe and secure working conditions. The Surveyor/Consultant shall not be liable for the consequences of late, incomplete, inadequate, inaccurate or ambiguous instructions.
(b) Surveyor/Consultant: The Surveyor/Consultant shall use reasonable care and skill in the performance of the services in accordance with sound marine surveying/consulting practice.
(c) Reporting: The Surveyor/Consultant shall submit a final written Report to the Client following completion of the agreed Services describing the Surveyor’s/Consultant’s findings and the condition and/or quality of the object and/or purpose of the assignment, unless otherwise expressly instructed by the Client not to do so.
(d) Confidentiality: The Surveyor/Consultant undertakes not to disclose any information provided in confidence by the Client to any third party and will not permit access to such information by any third party unless the Client expressly grants permission save where required to do so by an order of a competent court of law.
(e) Property: The right of ownership in respect of all original work created by the Surveyor/Consultant remains the property of the Surveyor/Consultant.
(f) Conflict of Interest/Qualification: The Surveyor/Consultant shall promptly notify the Client of any matter including conflict of interest or lack of suitable qualifications and experience, which would render it undesirable for the Surveyor/Consultant to continue its involvement with the appointment. The Client shall be responsible for payment of the Surveyor/Consultant’s Fees up to the date of notification.
(a) Without prejudice to Clause 7, the Surveyor/Consultant shall be under no liability whatsoever to the Client for any loss, damage, delay or any expense of whatsoever nature, whether direct or indirect and howsoever arising UNLESS same is proved to have resulted solely from the negligence, gross negligence or wilful default of the Surveyor/Consultant or any of its employees or agents or sub-contractors.
(b) In the event that the Client proves that the loss, damage, delay or expense suffered was caused by the negligence, gross negligence or wilful default of the Surveyor/Consultant aforesaid, then, save where loss, damage, delay or expense has resulted from the Surveyor’s/Consultant’s personal act or omission committed with the intent to cause same or recklessly and with knowledge that such loss, damage, delay or expense would probably result, the Surveyor’s/Consultant’s liability for each incident or series of incidents giving rise to a claim or claims shall never exceed a sum calculated on the basis of ten times the Surveyor’s/Consultant’s charges or €100.000 whichever is the greater.
(c) Without prejudice to (a) and (b) above, the Surveyor/Consultant shall not be liable for loss of or damage to physical equipment and property placed at its disposal by, or on behalf, of the Client however such loss or damage occurs, unless such loss or damage was caused by act or omission committed with intent to cause some or recklessly with knowledge that such loss or damage would probably result.
Except to the extent and solely for the amount therein set out that the Surveyor/Consultant would be liable under Clause 6, the Client hereby undertakes to keep the Surveyor/Consultant and its employees, agents and sub-contractors indemnified and to hold them harmless against all actions, proceedings, claims, demands or liabilities whatsoever or howsoever arising which may be brought against them or incurred or suffered by them, and against and in respect of all costs, loss, damages and expenses (including, but not limited to, legal costs and expenses on a full indemnity basis) which the Surveyor/Consultant may suffer or incur (either directly or indirectly) in the course of the Services under these Conditions.
8 Force Majeure
The Surveyor/Consultant and/or the Client shall not, except as otherwise provided in these Conditions, be responsible or have any liability for any loss, damage, delay or failure in performance hereunder arising or resulting from natural disaster (act of God) (including, but not limited to earthquake, flood, tsunami, volcano, hurricane, tropical storm, cyclone, blizzard or other similar event), act of war, terrorist attack, nuclear contamination, seizure under legal process, epidemic quarantine restrictions, strikes, boycotts, lockouts, riots, civil commotions and arrest or restraint of princes ,rulers or people. Following a force majeure event either party may serve notice on the other to terminate the agreement.
The Surveyor/Consultant shall effect and maintain, at no cost to the Client, Professional Liability Insurance for such loss and damage for which the Surveyor/Consultant may be held liable to the Client under these terms and conditions. As per Clause 6 in any case the liabilty remains limited to €100.000.
10 Surveyor’s/Consultant’s Right to Sub-contract
The Surveyor/Consultant shall have the right to sub-contract any of the services provided under the Conditions, subject to the Client’s right to object on reasonable grounds. In the event of such a sub-contract the Surveyor/Consultant shall remain fully liable for the due performance of its obligations under these Conditions.
11 Time Bar
Any claims against the Surveyor/Consultant by the Client shall be deemed to be waived and absolutely time barred upon the expiry of one year from the submission date of the Report to the Client.
12 Jurisdiction and Law
These Conditions shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of Republic of Turkey and any dispute shall be subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the Republic of Turkey Courts.
The Standard Terms and Conditions as above may be changed upon need by requirement and circumstances determined by marineSOLUTIONS and changes will be announced and notified from here.
This is the English translation of Turkish original. (In case of conflicting expression, the Turkish original will be considered as binding.)
Out of all craft the wooden craft are most elaborately built, are most complex and will require special background knowledge of the surveyor. Building a wooden boat has many steps, from selecting the timber to preventing and curing rot.
1. Assessing the Timber
Wood is a highly “oriented1” material. With other words, wood’s properties along and across the grain are very different. A piece of wood, very suitable to bear highest of load along the grain can be easily cracked across the grain. Timber is produced from many kinds of trees. Every kind of tree provides timber of different properties. Some are stronger than the others, some are rot resistant, some have straight grain, some are knotty, some provide “crooks” as required for knees, floors, breasthooks etc. Some timber is excellent but costs dearly. Some timber is chosen due to aesthetic preferences. Furthermore, even the same species can show varieties. Anatolian oak is vastly different from, say, Swedish oak. Some timber is available as naturally grown, a style superior to the plantation grown variant of the same timber.
2. Has the Timber been treated properly?
Timber becomes only suitable for boatbuilding after it has been “seasoned”. Seasoning is a time consuming and critical process. If it is rushed, it will do more harm than good. If it is not done properly the timber will remain instable for all times.
3. Shaping, joining and fastening of Members
Good wooden craft have been built with suitable timber for every member. However, even the best of timber will not perform if not shaped, joined and fastened properly. Firstly, the design of each member makes a significant difference between a good boat and those which will cause continuous headache. In particular end grain, which remains exposed to drip and moisture is avoided in a good design. Then there is a variety of ways of joining timber. Proper joining is labour intensive and results in wastage. Quality fasteners are expensive and hard to get by.
4. Surveying the Coating
Wood has to be coated carefully and knowingly. Either one keeps timber fresh and “breathing” or one encapsulates the seasoned and shaped timber and avoids ingress of moisture. Both ways have their advantages and are acceptable to avoid or slow own decay.
The foremost disadvantage of wood is that it is welcome nutrition to many organisms. Timber softenes, rots, is attacked by marine borers, termites and other organisms, which can and eventually will compromise the timber’s structural properties if not checked in time. The above headings are a small selection of reasons, why surveying wooden craft is particularly challenging.
6. Surveying Wooden Craft
We at marineSOLUTIONS® have a historic relation with all kinds of wooden craft. When assessing such craft we address, among others, following questions:
Are the design details of the vessel adequate to the purpose? Are there fresh water pockets? Unventilated volumes?
Are the timber’s species, quality, and treatment suitable for the requirement?
Has the timber been shaped, joined and fastened properly?
Has the timber been coated adequately? Is the coating still serving its purpose?
Is there decay? Has there been decay in the past? If so, can it be treated?
Last, not least, we are knowledgeable about the nomenclature of wooden boats. This makes our reports readable for people of the trade.
Wooden boats are great. If you have in mind to buy a particular one, let us help you to decide, whether she is sound and “well found”, or whether she has the potential to ruin your pleasure. Alternatively, if you are experiencing problems with a particular wooden craft, be it due to maintenance issues or be it due to damages, please contact us in order to tap on our expertise.